- 5 Trending Male Pubic Hair Designs Men Are Shaving into Their Body Hair
- Putting it to Practice
- Trend: Would you sculpt your pubic hair for a good cause?
- Pubic Hair and Sexuality: A Review | Request PDF
- As Vogue says bush is back, here are the styles stars opt for downstairs
- Jennifer Lopez, 49
- Kim Kardashian, 37
- Miley Cyrus, 25
- Gwyneth Paltrow, 45
- Ashley Graham, 30
- Cameron Diaz, 45
- Emma Watson, 28
- Alix Fox's History of Pubic Sculpting
- Prevalence and correlates of pubic hair grooming among low-income Hispanic, Black, and White women
- Demographic characteristics and acculturation level
- Sexual history
- Body Esteem
- Pubic hair grooming behavior
5 Trending Male Pubic Hair Designs Men Are Shaving into Their Body Hair
We’re glad that you’ve taken such a proactive approach to your manscaping. You’ve learned to enjoy it, and we can trust that you have the basic competence to groom your pubes without damaging your junk.
That’s good. Now, you think you might be ready to advance your sense of pubic style. That’s great! We always want to help your endeavors, so here’s a quick list of what’s trending in the world of manscaping.
We’ve commented on manscaping styles plenty of time before. Doing so as often as we do, you come to recognize a difference in temporary trends and eternal classics. We’ll discuss some of those trends in a minute, but it’s always best to give credit where it is due first. These are the five classics that will always be part of the manscaping discussion.
First up is the natural. Don’t let the name fool you; this is not a leave-it-alone style. The natural aims to incorporate light grooming in order to leave the bush looking a bush but with a little less wilderness. A proper natural won’t have clean lines or closely cropped pubes, but anyone who has seen an ungroomed body before will instantly recognize the work that goes into it.
Contrary to the natural is the megabush. This is the style where you just let it all hang the way it was made. No trimmer or razor ever touches the megabush. It’s a bold style, but it shouldn’t be adopted lightly. Most prefer some grooming down there, but for the (very) few who are fans of a megabush, nothing less will suffice.
Getting into more contemporary looks at manscaping, we come to the triangle. It’s exactly what the name suggests: you trim your pubes into a tight triangle.
Alone, it’s a nice enough look, but the triangle is also the first stage for a bunch of other, more advanced grooming designs. We’ve covered that in detail before.
One thing to note about the triangle (and the next design we’re about to mention) is that it requires shaving of the pubes. Be careful. You need the right trimmer and plenty of patience. Without both, shaving the pubes can be miserable.
The landing strip is another modern classic. It doesn’t lead to additional designs, but it’s basic, clean look is appealing to the masses. Just groom from happy trail to shaft in a single, thin line of hair. The landing strip itself should also be trimmed down to a reasonable level.
The last classic look is known by many names: the baldy, the prepubescent, the swimmer, and the naked mole-rat.
As some of these nicknames imply, it isn’t always an attractive look, but there are reasons to go completely bald below the waste.
Sports are a primary motivator, and the occasional request from a sexual partner is also a good enough reason. Whatever your reasoning, a bald undercarriage is a lot of work.
The Face Hugger
Now that we have the classics covered, we can get into some new trends. The face hugger isn’t viral yet, but we think it will be soon. How is this best described? Do you remember those toys that had a bunch of metal pins in them? They might be called a pin art set. You could put your face into it and it would create a mold. That’s the inspiration for the face hugger.
The basic idea is that your groin hair will lightly tickle your lover as they graciously provide you divine fellatio. That requires your bush to become a reverse mold of a person’s face.
It is not easily done, but the sheer wow factor when you pull it off is worth all of the effort. The only reason it isn’t the leading trend is because of the difficulty of execution.
Still, can you think of a better way to extend a polite invitation for someone to put their mouth on your junk?
The Holiday Special
The holiday special is a two-edged sword. On the one hand, it will keep you from getting lazy or complacent with your manscaping. On the other, it’s a lot of work. The key here is creativity.
You take impending holidays as inspiration and groom accordingly. Here are a few obvious hints to get you started. Carve a jack-o’-lantern into your pubes for Halloween. Consider decorating with bells and streamers for Christmas.
Is the 4th coming soon? How about stars and stripes to adorn your manhood?
The ceaseless rotation of themes will prevent your pubic style from ever growing stale, and that’s good for you. When asked what they in manscaping, one of the most common female responses was creativity. Holidays give you excuses to experiment with color, accessories and all other fashion of genuine pubic creativity. If you need more help getting started, here are some upper-deck ideas.
Don’t Forget the Thighs
This might feel cheating because it isn’t a specific style per se, but we’ve seen a trend that a lot of ladies are noticing a common problem in the manscaping of their men.
Your legs grow hair all the way up to your balls, so you need to consider them in your manscaping. If you have the most perfect lawn in the world only to be overgrown at the edge of your thighs, you’re undercutting your own success.
Match the upper thighs to the rest of your groin. It’s just common sense.
5 O’Clock Shadow
We mentioned a survey of women before. More specifically, Rebel Circus asked a ton of women what they want their man’s lower grooming. Creativity was the second most popular response. Keep that in mind after reading all of this. If you have a cool idea, go for it!
That said, the most popular response was some variant of a 5 o’clock shadow. Just as the rugged imagery has been attractive on men’s faces for eons, women have noticed that the visual appeal works just as well downstairs. The exact nature of your shadow might vary. Some women straight-up stubble.
Others prefer that you keep the hair just long enough that it can be soft, but they still want it to look as close to the shadow as possible. You’ll have to decide where to draw your own line, but once you figure it out, maintaining the shadow is easy. Just find the right length guard on your Lawn Mower 3.0 and go to town.
It’s some of the easiest manscaping maintenance out there.
Putting it to Practice
The thing about trending pubic hair designs is that they require effort and skill. We give a lot of advice to beginners, but if you’re ready to advance your game, we have a few specific tips to help you get there.
The key to advanced trimming is to use The Lawn Mower 3.0. This might sound a shameless plug, but we’re really focusing on SkinSafe™ technology. The blade on the 3.0 allows you to really press into your skin without getting any nicks or cuts. This helps you get really good lines and clean shapes your advanced designs before you grab a razor. That’s important.
One thing that you’re going to find as your fashions get wilder and more creative is that the razor doesn’t always fit into your plans. Imagine that you’re grooming a jack-o’-lantern for Halloween.
Getting the eyes and such short enough can be very tricky, so you need to plan the design around the size of your razor. Slant the eyes and build rectangles into your patterns to make your life easier.
Here’s the good news. No matter how technical and impressive your grooming becomes, the rest of manscaping doesn’t change. You still want to follow each grooming session with a shower that utilizes the Active pH Control of Crop Cleanser.
And each shower should be followed by a healthy application of Crop Preserver and Crop Reviver. The only thing to consider is whether or not your manscaping efforts are going to add extra irritation to your skin.
If so, a little extra Crop Reviver through the day should take care of it.
Congratulations, gents! You’re now up-to-date on manscaping fashion. You’re armed with the tools to make a true impression with your sub-naval stylings.
That should help your love life and keep your days interesting. Just remember: no matter how beautiful your junk becomes, unsolicited pictures and exposure are still illegal.
Until next time, stay fresh out there and stay tuned for more updates at Manscaped.com.
Trend: Would you sculpt your pubic hair for a good cause?
It’s the female version of Movember, only instead of growing facial hair, Julyna involves growing and shaping your pubic hair.
An article from the Toronto Star reports that a group of Toronto women decided to create the event, which is supported by the Canadian Cancer Society, after seeing how many women in their lives were affected by cervical cancer.
They landed on the idea for gals to raise funds by pledging to sculpt your public hair into weird shapes. Despite the good cause, I’m not sure how popular this will be’sculpting anodd shape down there just isn’t something that appeals to me. But the event founders say they think the bawdiness of the idea will help promote awareness.
“We hope the humour will help women feel comfortable talking about cervical cancer and talking about that area,” event founder and a Toronto nurse, Vanessa Wilson told the Star.
But a lot of people (mostly men) are already asking: How will you prove you sculpted that region? Good question, considering the physical evidence of a woman’s participation will go unseen by the public.
Unfortunately, I’m sure there will be jokes and comments suggesting women show the proof. It makes me wonder if the sexual nature of the fundraising event distracts from the actual cause itself.
If money is raised for charity does it matter how?
Waxing and sculpting ideas can be found on the event’s website. Design templates will also soon to be available on the page, and will include the Charlie Chaplin, the Movember and the Barbara Bush. That’s definitely a funny (yet weird) way to show your support.
Ultimately, asking how a woman will prove she’s participating in Julyna and which template she used aren’t the kinds of questions I think we should be asking when it comes to cervical cancer.
It’s a great idea to create more awareness about this disease, but what we really need to know is how to protect our health and ensure we’re tested properly.
Recently, a study was published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology which found that many doctors in the U.S. are ignoring the guidelines for who needs a cervical cancer virus test.
As a result of doctors testing too frequently or even using the wrong tests, a lot of women are getting unnecessary tests.
According to an article from Maclean’s, “younger women are supposed to get HPV testing only if a Pap signals a possible problem and doctors really need the extra information.”
If we’re trying to raise money and awareness for cervical cancer, I think the place to start should be ensuring proper testing and care procedures are followed within the healthcare industry. With the mix of information out there regarding women’s health, I’m certainly confused as to what I should be tested for, at what age and how often.
Do you think Julyna is a cool and innovative way to raise money for a good cause? Or does it serve to sexualize women’s cancers?
‘ 6 things you should know about your genital health
‘ Is it safe to get a Brazilian wax?
‘ Should girls get the HPV vaccine?
Pubic Hair and Sexuality: A Review | Request PDF
Hair is a distinguishing feature of mammals, though the persistence of visible head, axillary, and pubic hair remains anthropologically unclear. Humans throughout the ages have modified their head and body hair, but aesthetic removal of pubic hair has become the “the ultimate barometer of how fashionable you really are” in the 21st century.
The aim of the article is to examine the trends in pubic hair removal and its impact on health and sexuality.A literature search was performed, with a further search performed using an Internet-based search engine.
For discussion, the results have been classified into the topics of “Development and anthropology”,”Cultural and artistic significance”, “Medical implications”, “Psychological and sexual significance and popular culture”, “Impact of body hair loss on sexuality” and “Style and terminology.”Pubic hair removal has been common since the ancient times.
Pubic hair was rarely depicted in artistic representations of the nude until the late 19th century. It is postulated that the current trend of pubic hair removal may be related to the increased accessibility of Internet-based pornography.
Anecdotally, pubic hair removal may carry benefits regarding increased sexual sensation and satisfaction though there is no quantative research in this field. There is a recognized morbidity to pubic hair removal, and also a lack of standardization of terms for styles adopted.
We propose a definitive grading system for male and female body hair the widely used Tumor Node Metastasis staging system.Pubic hair removal appears to be an important aspect of expressing one's sexuality and participation in sexual activity. This practice has an interesting psychosexual basis which, to date, has not yet been fully explored in sexual medicine.
Request the article directly
from the authors on ResearchGate.
- OlaaA El-Bakry
- RawnaaM El-Sherif
- Iman Seleit
Hair loss can have significant effects on patients' quality of life, and a prompt diagnosis of the different types of alopecias and early intervention are needed. This review highlights the main dermoscopic findings in the different types of alopecia, such as androgenetic alopecia, alopecia areata, trichotillomania, lichen planopilaris, and discoid lupus erythematosus of the scalp. We believe … [Show full abstract] that this important tool has been demonstrated to help dermatologists in finding the right site for the biopsy or, furthermore, avoiding unnecessary biopsies. Data sources were medical text books, medical journals, and medical websites that have updated research with the key word Dermoscopy in the title of the paper. Systematic reviews that addressed dermoscopy, its impact on dermatological lesions, and the role of physicians in prevention and management were selected. A special search was conducted at midline with the key word Dermoscopy in the title of the papers; extraction was made, including assessment of the quality and the validity of papers that met the prior criteria that describe Dermoscopy and its use in the diagnosis of hair disorders. Each study was reviewed independently, and the data obtained were rebuilt in new language according to the need of the researcher and arranged into topics through the article. Hair and scalp dermoscopy (trichoscopy) is a fast and noninvasive technique that allows the identification of hair and scalp diseases on the basis of analysis of trichoscopy structures and patterns without the need for removing hair for diagnostic purposes or unnecessary biopsies. Dermoscopy may be useful in the differential diagnosis of various hair and scalp disorders such as alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia, and tenia capitis and also in the differential diagnosis between discoid lupus erythematosus and lichen planopilaris.Read more
January 2009 · International Journal of Trichology
Hair loss and premature graying may have dramatic effect on the life of affected individuals. Therefore capillary treatments for changing hair colour and promoting hair growth are continuous challenges in dermo-cosmetic industry. Currently available treatments, apart from having a controversial efficacy, can be very aggressive to hair and underlying skin. Interfering with genes in order to induce … [Show full abstract] changes in colour or growing properties of the hair are hot topics and so far no products are commercially available. In this work, a new, gene therapy-based approach was used for topic capillary treatment using DBA/2J mice as a model. siRNA targeting Keratin 1 (K1), a gene important for hair structural integrity, was delivered to hair follicles to determine if silencing this gene, could be effectively achieved. Hair growth was synchronized through warmed wax depilation of skin patches and different delivery formulations were used for daily applications. In vivo phenotypic responses, morphology of hair and post-mortem skin samples were analyzed. No apparent significant effects were observed through additional immunohistochemical, biochemical and expression analyses are being performed to determine the extension of genetic and morphological modifications induced by the treatments.Read more
June 2010 · Annals of Pharmacotherapy
- Stephen Marc Stout
- Janice Stumpf
To review available evidence on the safety and efficacy of finasteride in the treatment of alopecia in women.A literature search was conducted through PubMed (1948-March 2010) and MEDLINE (1950-March 2010) using the search terms finasteride and alopecia. References cited in relevant publications were reviewed.All data sources identified were reviewed for inclusion. Reports of finasteride … [Show full abstract] treatment of female alopecia were included in the review. This included prospective and retrospective trials, case series, and case reports. Studies in men were not included.Few pharmacologic options exist for women with alopecia who do not achieve satisfactory responses to topical minoxidil solution. Treatment successes with finasteride in women with female pattern hair loss, although an off-label indication, have been primarily described in uncontrolled studies and anecdotal reports. In 2 controlled clinical studies, finasteride showed no benefit over placebo or no treatment in female pattern hair loss. A finasteride regimen of 1 mg orally daily, as indicated in male pattern hair loss, may be recommended for those who fail or cannot tolerate minoxidil therapy. A 12-month trial is needed to assess stabilization of hair loss, and hair regrowth may take 2 years or longer. Although data are sparse, menopausal status, circulating androgen concentrations, and concomitant symptoms of hyperandrogenism do not appear to predict response to finasteride. Overall, finasteride is well tolerated; however, women of childbearing potential must adhere to reliable contraception while receiving finasteride, and treatment is contraindicated in pregnancy, due to known teratogenicity.Although objective evidence of efficacy is limited, finasteride may be considered for treatment of female pattern hair loss in patients who fail topical minoxidil treatment.Read more
January 2004 · Kosmetische Medizin
Hypertrichosis can be found, beyond doubt, far more seldom than alopecia and hair loss. Also, the medically bothersome effect of strong hair-growth is much less than with a decreasing hair coat, especially on the scalp. Every doctor should know about the different forms of hypertrichosis and its causes general illness, hormone dysfunctions, intake of medications etc. The doctor's task is to … [Show full abstract] clarify the cause of the patient's hypertrichosis. If only a conditional racial hirsutism without a needed treatment of hormonal dysfunction exists, should appropriate consultation on the different possibilities of epilation occur.Read more
As Vogue says bush is back, here are the styles stars opt for downstairs
CANCEL that painful waxing appointment, ladies – style bible Vogue has declared the bush is back.
Opting for full pubic hair has been gaining popularity since 2013 when Gwyneth Paltrow said she favoured the “70s vibe” of the natural look.
The fashion and lifestyle bible claims natural pubic hair styles are back in fashionCredit: Getty – Contributor
Over the years there have been Brazilians (waxed but leaving a “landing strip”), Hollywoods (all hair waxed off) and even vajazzles (decorated with gems). But New York gynaecologist Dr Eden Fromberg told Vogue she has seen lots more patients wanting fuller hair downstairs.
And London hair transplant clinic DHI Global has reported more women wanting their pubic hair restored after having it removed with laser treatments.
Sex writer Alix Fox tells her own history of pubic hair sculpting, and we look at the evolution of waxing, as well as which celebs choose hair or go bare.
Jennifer Lopez, 49
JLo isn’t too hot on waxing, so opts for a razorCredit: Getty – Contributor
THE singer prefers using a razor to the agony of waxing, telling American fashion and beauty magazine Allure: “I don’t love waxing. I shave everywhere. The only thing I wax is my eyebrows.”
Kim Kardashian, 37
It’s unly we’ll hear of Kim embracing unrully body hair any time soonCredit: Getty Images – Getty
THE reality TV veteran told Allure magazine: “I am Armenian, so of course I am obsessed with laser hair removal. Arms, bikini, legs, underarms . . . my entire body is hairless.”
Miley Cyrus, 25
Miley has been known to dye her pubic hair all sorts of wacky coloursCredit: PA:Press Association
PERHAPS not surprisingly, the singer, who lives a natural vegan lifestyle, is not afraid to bare all to her fans. In 2015 she posted pictures of her dyed pink armpits and pubic hair poking from her undies.
Gwyneth Paltrow, 45
Gwyneh tried the 90s look for a while but now s to rock the 70s 'fully grown' styleCredit: Getty Images – Getty
HAVING previously hailed the Brazilian style back in the 90s, Gwyneth admitted to US chat show host Ellen DeGeneres that she now prefers a full bush, or in her own words, she s to “work a ’70s vibe”.
Ashley Graham, 30
Ashley isn't fussed about letting her pubic hair growCredit: Splash News
LAST year the American plus-size model revealed that she has “a full bush. Period”. She told Glamour magazine that a woman’s pubic hair is “about your preference and your partner’s preference”.
Cameron Diaz, 45
The actress is well-known for her loving relationship with her body hairCredit: Getty – Contributor
IN her 2013 book The Body Book, the actress writes: “I think permanent laser hair removal sounds a crazy idea . . . I’m just putting it out there – consider leaving your vagina fully dressed, ladies.”
Emma Watson, 28
Actress Emma Watson isn’t shy of pubic talkCredit: Getty – Contributor
IN an interview with beauty website intothegloss.com the Harry Potter actress revealed she doesn’t get rid of all her hair, and that she loves Fur Oil, a product specifically for conditioning pubic hair.
Alix Fox's History of Pubic Sculpting
I FIRST started trimming my private privet when I was 16, using a Mach 3 razor to sculpt my muff fluff into a triangle to stop it poking the hot pink diamante thong I’d taken to wearing.
It was 1998, and the fashion in my home town of Macclesfield was for girls to pull their G-strings high up on their hips, showing them off above the waistband of their low-slung jeans.
Credit: Neil Hall – The Sun
As a teen just beginning to explore my sexuality, I thought this looked flirty, daring and rebellious, although I’m pretty sure my mum thought it looked cheaper than something you’d find in a pound shop bargain bin.
Either way, it required the removal of a few straggly pubes if you didn’t want to look you were smuggling roadkill in your pants from the front.
Along with batteries for my CD Walkman, fresh blades for my razor were one of the most expensive things I spent my meagre Saturday job earnings on, but I considered them essential.
When my pubic hair had begun to appear a few years previously, it had made me feel so grown up. Now it was taking charge of my body and getting rid of it made me feel a sophisticated adult.
Women were shaving their legs with pumice stones and sandpaper (ouch), but the bush remained untamed during the 20s and 30s
As I grew more confident and comfortable, my pubes became an extension of my bold personal style.For a while, I was really into dressing one-hit-wonder girl band Shampoo, who were famous for their bratty baby doll look. I shaved my pubes into a cute love heart to match.
Next, I experimented with removing all the hair and decorating with stick-on gemstones, twinkling metallic temporary tattoos, or scratch ’n’ sniff cherry-scented ones.
My nether regions looked they were heading to a carnival. As a long-term fan of rainbow-hued hair dye, I once tried colouring my pubes too, using a product called Betty.
The process involved combing through an apparently beaver-friendly bleach, then wrapping your crotch in clingfilm for half an hour to keep the heat in while it developed.
The Brazilian bikini bounced onto the scene in 1987, with the J. Sister Salon offering a removal of everything other than a ‘landing strip’ of hair
Thankfully the mixture didn’t get painfully hot — there weren’t any bush fires. Finally, you had to apply a hot pink paste. At first, I had the flamingo-coloured foo-foo of my dreams. But a week later, the dye washed out — leaving a rusty blonde tuft with grown-through roots.
It looked horrendous. I went back to bald straight away. Some people might assume that I alter my pubic hair to try to please men, but that’s never been my motivation. It has always primarily been something I’ve done for myself. I view it as a fun form of creativity and secret self-expression that makes me feel empowered and gives me a grin every time I catch a peek when I nip to the loo.
Obviously, lovers do get to view it if they’re lucky. Most guys I’ve dated have seemed delighted, although one did ask me to go au naturel and grow the hair out. He thought my bare look was uncomfortably child. I feel the opposite — ungroomed pubic hair reminds me of being an awkward adolescent with hair sprouting its own accord.
The bush is reportedly making its way back on the scene as women are ditching the razors and cancelling their appointments to regrow that infamous look
I did try to embrace a full bush of short ’n’ curlies for him, but I hated it. To me, pubic styling and decoration is an unashamed, joyful celebration of my personality and my sexuality. It’s not about looking the women in porn, it’s about unashamedly looking me, proudly adorned.
While I’m not emotionally attached to the fuzz elsewhere on my body, styling my pubes is an act of self-love. I the sensation of smooth skin too — it feels better during sexual play.
I’ve let boyfriends shave me themselves in the past. Because it requires such delicacy and trust, it can be a very sensual, bonding experience.
As a sex educator, I hear from umpteen young women worried that theirs don’t match those they’ve seen in explicit films, who want to change anything from waxing their pubes to getting plastic surgery in order to match the unrealistic images they’ve seen. It’s heartbreaking.
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Brook, the sexual health charity for whom I’m an ambassador, just launched a campaign to help combat this by showing how different all sorts of perfectly normal privates can look.
To any young women wondering whether to “mow” down below: your own pleasure, not outside pressure, should be the only influence on what to do with hair down there.
I’ll always be a dye-hard believer in that — even though personally, I won’t be voting for bush.
- Alix Fox co-hosts BBC Radio 1’s Unexpected Fluids real-life sex stories show, and answers listeners’ X-rated questions on The Modern
Laila Rouass disgusts Loose Women panel by revealing fiancé Ronnie O'Sullivan cuts his pubes in their garden with scissors
Prevalence and correlates of pubic hair grooming among low-income Hispanic, Black, and White women
1Department of Health and Human Performance, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA
2Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women’s Health and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA
Find articles by Andrea L. DeMaria
2Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women’s Health and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA
Find articles by Abbey B. BerensonAuthor information Copyright and License information Disclaimer
The purpose of this paper was to describe pubic hair grooming behaviors (shaving, waxing, trimming or dyeing) and the extent to which grooming was related to demographic characteristics and sexual history among low-income Hispanic, Black, and White women.
Data were collected from 1,677 women aged 16 to 40 years between July 2010 and August 2011 as part of a larger study. Participants completed a cross-sectional written survey. Multivariable analyses were used to identify correlates of pubic hair grooming.
Being a current groomer was associated with being White, a younger age, under or normal weight, having a yearly household income > $30,000, and having 5 or more lifetime sexual partners. Overall, we discovered pubic hair grooming was extremely common among women of varying demographics.
It is important for health and research professionals to understand pubic hair grooming practices so they can address behavioral and clinical concerns.
Keywords: pubic hair, vulva, vagina, body image, low-income women
Hair removal, often promoted as a means of femininity and attractiveness, first became normalized at the end of the World War II era, and has continued to be the ideal for beauty and social advancement for women (Labre, 2002).
Most initiate hair removal, including hair surrounding the genitals, to conform to social norms and continue to do so for reasons related to femininity, sexuality, cleanliness and attractiveness (Labre, 2002; Smolak & Mumen, 2011; Tiggeman & Hodgson, 2008).
Although normative pubic hair grooming is considered a contemporary trend, the decorating, sculpting, and removal of pubic hair has been practiced for medical, artistic, and cultural reasons for centuries (Ramsey, Sweeney, Fraser, & Oades, 2009).
Pubic hair removal is carried out by both males and females, but tends to be more frequent among women, and shows a great range of variability between different populations (Boroughs, Cafri, & Thompson, 2005; Martins, Tiggemann, & Churchett, 2008; Ramsey et al., 2009; Smolak & Mumen, 2011; Tiggeman & Hodgson, 2008).
Despite total pubic hair removal being considered a modern norm, a recent Internet study conducted in the United States found it was more common than not for women to have some hair on their genitals (Herbenick, Schick, Reece, Sanders, & Fortenberry, 2010).
Women who engaged in total pubic hair removal were significantly younger, more ly to have received cunnilingus in the past four weeks, and had a more positive genital self-image and sexual function index scores (Herbenick et al., 2010).
Hair removal may be due to female hygiene practices (Demirci, Dogan, Erkol, & Deniz, 2008), or for aesthetic or sexual reasons, such as to increase visual exposure or improve appearance of the genitals (Demirci et al., 2008; Martins et al., 2008; Ramsey et al., 2009).
Yet, evidence for these assumptions is lacking, especially among a demographically diverse sample.
A study conducted in Australia noted that discussions in various media outlets (e.g., magazines, television shows) have focused on styles of pubic hair and grooming methods (Tiggemann & Hodgson, 2008).
Numerous products and techniques are available, including: shaving (razor/electric), trimming with scissors, depilatory cream, waxing, sugaring, threading/plucking, dyeing/bleaching, electrolysis (the only permanent method of hair removal), and laser (Dendle, Mulvey, & Pyrlis, 2007; Porche, 2007).
Whereas shaving has proven the most common method of hair removal, waxing is the most common method of extensive removal (Trager, 2006).
While the removal of body hair is one of the most common beauty practices, it has been the focus of little research (Labre, 2002). Although some studies have examined pubic hair grooming behaviors (specifically hair removal) among large groups of women of various ages (e.g., Herbenick et al.
, 2010; Tiggemann & Hodgson, 2008), little information exists on these behaviors among a large sample of racially diverse, low-income women. the current literature (e.g., Herbenick et al.
, 2010; Tiggemann & Hodgson, 2008), we hypothesized that White women were more ly to remove or groom their pubic hair than minority women; however, this relationship has not been thoroughly explored.
The purpose of this study was to describe pubic hair grooming behaviors (shaving, waxing, trimming or dyeing) and the extent to which grooming was related to demographic characteristics and sexual activity in a large sample of low-income Hispanic, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic White women.
Data for the current study were collected as part of a larger study addressing general health behaviors. Women were recruited from one of three publicly funded reproductive health clinics in the Texas Gulf Coast region between July 2010 and August 2011.
All women within the age range (16 to 40 years old) who presented for an appointment in one of the three clinics were eligible to participate.
When approached, women were told their participation was voluntary, they would be answering questions related to health behaviors, and the written survey would take between 30 and 45 minutes to complete. Those who agreed to participate were reimbursed $5 for their time and effort.
To assure women completed the written questionnaire only once during the duration of the data collection period, study personnel maintained a cumulative database containing the names of those who had already participated. Overall, 2,270 women were enrolled in the larger study, while 387 women declined.
Hispanic women were significantly more ly to decline participation than Black or White women (19.5% vs. 10.9% vs. 10.1%; p < .01). Moreover, those who refused participation were slightly older than those who did not (27.9 years vs. 26.3 years; p < .01; 95% CI [−2.27, 0.91]).
All procedures and protocols were approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Texas Medical Branch.
Participants completed a self-administered cross-sectional written survey instrument (Spanish or English). Analyses for this paper were limited to questions related to demographic characteristics, acculturation, sexual history, body esteem, and pubic hair grooming.
Demographic characteristics and acculturation level
Demographic characteristics included: race/ethnicity, age, marital status, education, weekly hours worked, and household income.
Among Hispanics, acculturation was measured by asking if they were born in the US and using the Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics (SASH) (Marin, Sabogal, Marin, & Perez-Stable, 1987). The SASH is a 5-item scale (e.g.
, Language you speak at home, Language you speak with your friends) with a 5-point response scale ranging from 1 (Only Spanish) to 5 (Only English). Item scores are averaged to create an acculturation mean score. Those with an average of 2.
99 or less were classified as less acculturated, and those with an average score of 3.00 or more were classified as more acculturated. For this study, the SASH yielded a Cronbach’s alpha of .98, indicating very good internal consistency (DeVellis, 2003).
Sexual history was assessed by asking participants a series of questions pertaining to age at first sexual intercourse (defined as penetration of the vagina by the penis) and sexual behavior during the past 30 days over their and lifetime. Specifically, participants were asked: ‘How old were you when you had sexual intercourse for the first time?,’ ‘How many sexual partners have you had in the last 30 days?,’ and ‘How many sexual partners have you had in your lifetime?’
Body esteem was measured using an adapted version of the Body Esteem Scale (BES) (Franzoi & Shields, 1984). The BES measures attitudes toward different dimensions of body esteem by focusing on specific body aspects (e.g., sex organs, body hair, weight) (Franzoi, 1994).
Data collected on the BES were both valid and reliable (Franzoi, 1994; Franzoi & Herzog, 1986; Franzoi & Shields, 1984).
The original scale consisted of 35 items; however, a shorter, 22-item scale was used for the purposes of this study (excluding items such as physical stamina, muscular strength, and width of shoulders, as they did not pertain to this particular study). Participants responded on a 5-point rt scale of 1 (Strongly Negative) to 5 (Strongly Positive).
A total scale score was developed by computing a sum of all 22 responses, as suggested by the authors, with higher scores indicating a greater body esteem (Franzoi & Shields, 1984). For the current sample, the BES yielded a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient equal to .96, indicating very good internal consistency (DeVellis, 2003).
Pubic hair grooming behavior
Pubic hair grooming was assessed by asking participants a series of questions pertaining to method, frequency, knowledge, and purpose of pubic hair grooming.
For example, participants were asked: ‘Do you currently shave, wax, trim, or dye your pubic hair?,’ ‘How often do you shave, wax, trim, dye your pubic hair?,’ and ‘Why do (or did) you shave, wax, trim, or dye your pubic hair?’ For each question, participants were asked to select from a list of response options, depicted in Table 2. Participants were also asked ‘At what age did you begin shaving, waxing, trimming, or dyeing your pubic hair?’ Of the 2,270 women who were enrolled in the larger study, data were collected on pubic hair grooming from 1,677 participants. Those who did not answer these questions were excluded from analyses.
Pubic Hair Grooming Behavior of the Entire Sample