Quick Answer: What Are Four Resource Models?

What is a text participant?


ROLE: Make connections between the text and one’s personal experiences, prior knowledge, or understanding of similar texts.

Once these connections are made, the Text Participant uses them to have a “conversation” with the author about the text.

It’s all about you, the reader..

What are the 3 types of models?

The main types of scientific model are visual, mathematical, and computer models. Visual models are things like flowcharts, pictures, and diagrams that help us educate each other.

What is top down model?

A “top-down” approach is where an executive decision maker or other top person makes the decisions of how something should be done. This approach is disseminated under their authority to lower levels in the hierarchy, who are, to a greater or lesser extent, bound by them.

What are the five alternative views of reading?

Here are our top 5 alternatives to reading.Audiobooks. Audiobooks are pretty cool for several reasons; firstly for those who have difficulty reading, you can listen to your favourite book, in an interesting and engaging way. … Slide Share. … TED Talks. … Podpasts. … Spoken word/Performance Poetry nights.

Which is better top down or bottom up?

The top-down approach relies on higher authority figures to determine larger goals that will filter down to the tasks of lower level employees. In comparison, the bottom-up style of communication features a decision-making process that gives the entire staff a voice in company goals.

What is the advantage of top down approach?

Advantages of the top-down approach include: Simplicity (making a decision with more people is more complex). Speed (making a decision with more people will typically take more time).

What are the four roles of the reader?

The four roles include the reader as code-breaker, text-participant, text-user and text-analyst (Winch et al., 2014; Wooley, 2008).

What is the four resource model?

The Four Resources Model places an emphasis on the development of the four major learner roles. These are Code-Breaker, Text Participant, Text User and Text Analyst (Freebody and Luke, 1990).

Why is the four resource model important?

This model provides ways of examining the content of teaching and assessment to ensure all four resources are being addressed and taught explicitly. It encourages that reading and writing always be situated in authentic contexts and purposes and acknowledges that text goes beyond print and paper.

What does Multiliteracies mean?

Multiliteracies is the concept of understanding information and the design of meaning through the manipulation of individual modes, these being: Linguistic Meaning, Visual Meaning, Audio Meaning, Gestural, Tactile and Spatial Meaning.

What is code breaking in literacy?

Code-breaking is what you do when you don’t know the code. There are two main approaches to teaching reading, which can be summarised as code-based and meaning-based. Code-based teaching works on the premise that there is a known, culturally shared, symbolic code. This written code represents another, spoken code.

What are the reading models?

Theorists have proposed three basic models of how reading occurs: bottom-up, top-down, and interactive. – Reading is a decoding process (focus on the text). – The phonics approach to teaching reading is used. – Reading is a psycholinguistic guessing game (focus on the reader).

What is a text analyst?

A text analyst is a person who uses questions to find out what a text does to them.

What is Multiliteracies pedagogy?

A pedagogy of multiliteracies includes a balanced classroom design of Situated Practice, Overt Instruction, Critical Framing and Transformed Practice. Students need to draw on their own experiences and semiotic literacy practices to represent and communicate meaning.

What is the role of reader?

But act ually a text is written to be read and therefore the reader has a vital role in completing a text and giving it a new identity through the reading process he experiences. The reader has an active interaction with the written words which ultimately create the literary text.

What are literacy features?

The Literacy continuum incorporates two overarching processes: Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing; and Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating. The following areas of knowledge apply to both processes: Text knowledge; Grammar knowledge; Word knowledge and Visual knowledge.

What literacy means?

Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.

Why C is a top down approach?

Structure/procedure oriented programming languages like C programming language follows top down approach. … Whereas, bottom up approach begins with low level design or development and ends with high level design. In top down approach, main() function is written first and all sub functions are called from main function.