What Are The 4 Periods Of Philosophy?

Who was the father of philosophy?

SocratesSocrates (469/470-399 BCE) was a Greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy.

Plato (l.

c.

428-348 BCE) was his most famous student and would teach Aristotle (l.

384-322 BCE) who would then tutor Alexander the Great (l..

What is a school of thought in philosophy?

A school of thought, or intellectual tradition, is the perspective of a group of people who share common characteristics of opinion or outlook of a philosophy, discipline, belief, social movement, economics, cultural movement, or art movement.

What is epistemology mean?

The term “epistemology” comes from the Greek words “episteme” and “logos”. “Episteme” can be translated as “knowledge” or “understanding” or “acquaintance”, while “logos” can be translated as “account” or “argument” or “reason”.

What are the 7 branches of philosophy?

Terms in this set (7)Metaphysics. branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of existence.Epistemology. the philosophical theory of knowledge.Anthropology. the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings.Ethics. … Logic. … Political Science. … Aesthetics.

How do you do philosophical analysis?

Philosophical analysis. Philosophical analysis is the techniques typically used by philosophers in the analytic tradition that involve “breaking down” (i.e. analyzing) philosophical issues. Arguably the most prominent of these techniques is the analysis of concepts (known as conceptual analysis).

What are the five school of thought in philosophy?

They are idealism, realism, pragmatism (sometimes called experientialism), and existentialism.

What are the 10 branches of philosophy?

The branches of philosophy are divided into the many fields of philosophy:Aesthetics. Aesthetics is study of the nature of beauty, art, and taste, and the creation of personal kinds of truth.Epistemology. … Ethics. … Logic. … Metaphysics. … Philosophical movements. … Epistemology. … Ethics.More items…

What is the real philosophy?

In psychoanalysis and philosophy, the Real is that which is the authentic, unchangeable truth. It may be considered a primordial, external dimension of experience, referred to as the infinite, absolute or noumenal, as opposed to a reality contingent on sense perception and the material order.

What are the 3 concepts of philosophy?

Three Concepts of Philosophy | Epistemology | Metaphysics.

What is a type of philosophy?

Major sub-fields of academic philosophy include: metaphysics, which is “concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and being;” and epistemology, which is about “nature and grounds of knowledge [and]…its limits and validity;” as well as ethics, aesthetics, political philosophy, logic, and philosophy of science.

What are the four philosophical methods?

Contents1.1 Doubt and the sense of wonder.1.2 Formulate questions and problems.1.3 Enunciate a solution.1.4 Justify the solution.1.5 Philosophical criticism.1.6 Motivation.

What are the 5 types of philosophy?

Within philosophy there are five primary categories or branches:Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge. … Metaphysics. Metaphysics is the study of reality. … Ethics. Ethics is the study of moral value, right and wrong. … Logic. Logic is the study of right reasoning. … Aesthetics.

Who are the major philosophers?

Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) … Aristotle (384–322 BCE) … Confucius (551–479 BCE) … René Descartes (1596–1650) … Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82) … Michel Foucault (1926-1984) … David Hume (1711–77) … Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)More items…•

What are the major periods of philosophy?

Western philosophy can be divided into three eras:Ancient (Greco-Roman);Medieval philosophy (Christian European); and.Modern philosophy.